Scars related to acne are caused by damage to the pore from excess oil, dead skin cells, and bacteria. The damage to the pore can cause deep lesions in different shapes. Two different types of scars can form, hypertrophic or keloid scars which are from increase collagen from wound healing. Raised tissue is then collected on skin surface.
The other type of acne scarring is depressed or atrophic, where there is a loss of tissue. Depressed areas can be in different shapes such as an “icepick,” a deep V shape, or a “boxcar,” a deep rectangular shape.
Acne Scar Treatment Options
There are several treatments that may be helpful in minimizing appearance of acne scars.
- Exfoliation – removing dead skin cells can help improve appearance of acne scars and reduce their depth. Avoid over-washing however, which can lead to drying of the skin and increase oil production. Avoid picking the skin as bacteria on the fingers or nails can lead to inflammation and scarring as well.
- Fiber – eating fiber helps remove toxins from the body that can clog pores. Foods rich in fiber include apples, pears, raspberries, lentils, black beans, legumes, nuts, whole grains, and artichokes.
- Exercise- regular exercise promotes blood flow and oxygen distribution through the skin. Sweating also detoxifies the skin and can help prevent formation of acne cysts that lead to scarring.
- Avoid sun overexposure – the sun can darken scars and increase their appearance as well as irritates the skin.
- Micropen -creates micro-injuries to skin surface and promotes release of collagen and elastin, reducing appearance of acne scars. Treatments take 15-30 minutes depending on area being treated, minimal downtime – slight redness for 2 days. For some patients 2-3 treatments 6-8 weeks apart will achieve results, for others, 6-8 sessions may be required. Click here to learn more!
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